In C-section an incision is made through the uterus in order to deliver the calf. C-sections are necessary for cattle when:
- Vaginal delivery is too difficult
- If it is not progressing in the expected amount of time
- Or if it could endanger the life of the cow or the life of her calf.
Indications of C-section
C-Sections are generally performed on:
- Calves that are too large
- Inadequate cervical dilation (not enough relaxation of the cervix muscles)
- Abnormal pelvic bone conformation (shape) in the cow
- Rupture of the cow’s abdominal musculature
- Problems with uterine position or uterine function
- Abnormalities of the cow’s uterus or vagina
- Fetal monsters (congenital defects)
- Presence of a dead fetus
- Uterine inertia, failure of uterine contractions
- Prolonged labor
- Oversized fetus
- Abnormal position or presentation of the fetus
- Anatomical abnormality of the mother
- Torsion, or twisting of the uterus
Procedure of C-section
- Preparation of the Surgical site and washing of hand.
- Apply betadine iodine on the site.
- A large bold incision is made into the abdomen.
- Control the bleeding, ligation.
- Follow a blunt dissection.
- Cut a facial layer and two muscle layers.
- Reach to the peritoneum.
- Reach to the gravid uterus and exteriorate.
- Palpate the fetal parts.
- Make an incision on the uterus avoiding injury to a fetus.
- Hold fetal legs and gently remove them.
- Avoid intra-peritoneal contamination.
- Hold the incised uterine edges.
- Remove the fetal membranes gently only if possible.
- Remove the uterine fluid.
- Wash it with the normal saline-3 times, Start suturing the uterus with Utrecht suture pattern.
– Inj. broad-spectrum antibiotics 5-10 days –
– Daily antiseptic solution application (Dressing of wound)