Jersey cattle origin, characteristics & uses

The Jersey cattle are relatively a small breed of dairy cattle that are raised primarily for milk production. It is originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey. Jerseys are one of the oldest breeds of cattle. Jersey cattle can thrive in many different climates and geography types around the world.

 The breed is popular and famous for high milk production and also for the high butterfat of their milk. Jersey cattle are a smaller-bodied breed. The average live body weight of mature Jersey females varies from 400 to 550 kg. And the mature male has an average weight between 540 and 820 kg.

 The Jersey cattle are very docile in temperament. The calf is relatively small in size when they are born. Heifers grow more rapidly and get mature early and contain low fat in their body.

Jersey cattle

The Jersey cows are excellent milk producers. And on average the cows can produce 4000-5000 liter of milk per lactation period of 305 days.

Their body color is generally reddish, deep brown, or mixed. The tail of the Jersey cattle is black and as a dairy breed, their udder is usually big. Both bulls and cows usually have horns. Their horns are usually thin and curved. These cattle have sharp wither, and the head is dished.

They may have some white markings on their head. May also have white patches near the head region. . They have a relatively long-sized head, and they usually have no hunchback. Their muzzle is black and has a light encircling ring. This breed of cattle is capable of utilizing roughages efficiently.

Characteristics of Jersey cattle breed:

Breed nameJersey
OriginIsland of Jersey, UK
Breed purposeMilk
Average male weight540 – 820 kg
Average female weight400 – 550 kg
Climate toleranceAll climates
Coat colorGenerally fawn/ash brown color with or without white marking
Average milk production4000 – 4500 liter/lactation
Lactation period305 days
Gestation period279 days
Butter-fat content5.45 %
Protein content3.88 %